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为什么教室灯照明光线设计重要?

来源:http://www.wfjszmd.com/ 日期:2021-11-17 发布人:wanfeng 浏览次数:

教室照明方案及实施,有很大的操作性。即使一款非常优秀的教室灯,教室灯光设计,如果欠缺安装经验及安装角度不当也会产生不良的结果。
The classroom lighting scheme and implementation have great operability. Even if a very excellent classroom lamp, classroom lighting design will produce adverse results if it lacks installation experience and improper installation angle.
教室灯具主要包括两部分:教室灯与黑板灯,教室灯主要是指整个教室中主要照明,其照度及光线覆盖整个桌面及教室;另一个是黑板灯,教室灯,黑板灯主要用于照亮黑板上的字及习题。教室灯的安装与光线设计与教室的尺寸和灯具的布局有关系。如若设计不好,即使亮度很好的灯具也会与实际效果与预期产生较大的差距。达不到标准。此外,黑板灯即使有着非常优秀的发光角度,也会因为安装不当给学生与教师视觉上的不适。甚至看不清黑板,产生眩光等。
Classroom lamps mainly include two parts: classroom lamp and blackboard lamp. Classroom lamp mainly refers to the main lighting in the whole classroom, and its illuminance and light cover the whole desktop and classroom; The other is blackboard lamp, classroom lamp. Blackboard lamp is mainly used to illuminate the words and exercises on the blackboard. The installation and light design of classroom lamps are related to the size of the classroom and the layout of lamps. If the design is not good, even the lamps with good brightness will have a large gap with the actual effect and expectation. Not up to standard. In addition, even if the blackboard lamp has a very excellent luminous angle, it will cause visual discomfort to students and teachers due to improper installation. I can't even see the blackboard clearly, resulting in glare, etc.
在教室灯具安装之前,首先要经过光线模拟,然后再根据实际经验安装,才能达到舒适的照明光环境。
Before installing the lamps in the classroom, first go through the light simulation, and then install them according to the actual experience, so as to achieve a comfortable lighting environment.
黑板灯
那么,要营造一个良好的黑板照明,需要做到以下几点:
Then, to create a good blackboard lighting, we need to do the following:
垂直照度:黑板是学生注意力的集中点,教室照明改造,它需要较高的垂直照度,需满足国家标准值≥500lux。
Vertical illuminance: the blackboard is the focus of students' attention. In the transformation of classroom lighting, it needs higher vertical illuminance and needs to meet the national standard value ≥ 500lux.
照度均匀度:由于黑板作为展示知识重点的区域,因此其光线分布越均匀,视觉感受越舒服,照度均匀度≥0.8。
Illumination uniformity: as the blackboard is the key area to display knowledge, the more uniform the light distribution is, the more comfortable the visual feeling is, and the illumination uniformity is ≥ 0.8.
眩光:反射眩光直射眩光是黑板照明中极易出现的问题。为了消除黑板照明中的眩光影响,需要满足以下3个条件。黑板照明通过黑板面的反射光不进入学生的眼睛;黑板照明的光源不直接进入学生的眼睛;老师不感到黑板照明晃眼。
Glare: reflected glare and direct glare are very common problems in blackboard lighting. In order to eliminate the glare effect in blackboard lighting, the following three conditions need to be met. The reflected light from the blackboard surface does not enter the students' eyes; The light source of blackboard illumination does not directly enter students' eyes; The teacher didn't find the blackboard lighting dazzling.
合理的照明设计;为了避免反射眩光直射眩光等问题的出现,黑板灯的安装位置及角度需进行专业的照明设计,以下为黑板灯布置图。
Reasonable lighting design; In order to avoid reflection glare, direct glare and other problems, the installation position and angle of blackboard lamp need professional lighting design. The following is the layout of blackboard lamp.
单独控制开关:为了便于黑板的光线根据不同授课环境而变化,因此建议黑板照明需单独控制开关。
Separate control switch: in order to facilitate the light of the blackboard to change according to different teaching environments, it is suggested that the blackboard lighting should be controlled separately.
优质的黑板灯具:除了满足以上几点外,优质的黑板灯具有着举足轻重的作用
High quality blackboard lamps and lanterns: in addition to meeting the above points, high-quality blackboard lamps and lanterns play an important role
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